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History of Cardiff Castle
Cardiff Castle has partially been built on the historic remains of an original Roman fort which is believed to be from the year 50 AD, but the majority of the current castle was built by the Normans who invaded England and Wales in 1066.
Despite originally being intended as a means of defense, there is a number of striking architectural features to be found within the fortified walls such as a series of carved animals that watch you as you walk up to the castle, an impressive twelve sided shell keep and a converted Palace with the most detailed and stunning Victorian-style interiors.
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Inside Cardiff Castle
The palace has always functioned as the Castle’s main residence and was originally built for Mr Richard Beauchamp, the Earl of Warwick in the 1420s and 1430s. The current interiors are the result of Lord Bute’s (The 3rd Marquess of Bute) desire to turn the Castle into an extravagant piece of architecture.
Lord Bute was responsible for employing the incredibly talented and famous architect named William Burges (1827 – 1881). Renowned for his skills and craftsmanship, William Burges spared no expenses when it came to the major overhaul of the main residence which included, among other things, a secluded roof garden, an extensive library and a new Clock Tower in the south-west corner of the castle which has for a long time been Cardiff’s tallest structure.
The interiors tell you a lot about the life within the castle and the family’s beliefs and values. For instance, being strongly religious, they didn’t believe in Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution; there is an arched frame around the entrance door to the library which shows a series of monkeys that do not know what to do with Darwin’s book and so they eventually just try to eat it.
Tour of Cardiff Castle
In 1947, the 4th Marquess of Bute died and the remaining family decided to give the Castle and the park as a present to the City of Cardiff who have owned it and looked after it since.
Nowadays, you can explore the castle greens, the impressive keep, the original Roman walls and the Victorian interiors of the palace as well as a series of underground tunnels that gave shelter to people during the 2nd World War.
You can go by yourself or with one of the very knowledgeable tour guides. They will be able to tell you all about what went on inside these walls and have many stories about the family life at Cardiff Castle. There is also the option of an audio tour in no less than ten different languages and even an app for your smart phone which has special trails for kids to explore.
On special request, we got to visit the higher floors of the clock tower, that are not usually accessible for the public:
Roman Walls & Norman Keep
For nearly 900 years, Cardiff Castle’s Roman past remained hidden beneath banks of earth added by the Normans. It was only discovered when the 3rd Marquess of Bute decided to build a new tower and to extend the grounds. Lord Bute decided to abandon his original plans and investigate and reconstruct the Roman fort instead.
Lord Bute had a passage built inside the reconstructed wall to act as a viewing gallery. During World War II, these were used as air-raid shelters, accommodating nearly 2000 people.
Afternoon Tea in Cardiff Castle
The lovely Pettigrew Tea Rooms is located at the main entrance to Bute Park in the heart of Cardiff City centre, right next to Cardiff Castle. The restaurant is open seven days per week for breakfast, lunch, Afternoon Tea and dinner events throughout the year. I had a lovely lunch here!
I can recommend visiting Cardiff Castle as it is definitely one of the most important features of the city of Cardiff and the history of Wales. Because large parts of it are indoors, it’s worth the visit no matter what the weather is like. I can recommend taking a guided tour, but even walking around on your own, I’m sure you’ll have a fantastic day exploring here!
Would you like to visit Cardiff Castle? Which part would interest you most?
Plan Your Trip to Cardiff Castle
Visitor Information: Entrance to the castle is free for people living and working in Cardiff. All others pay £12 (Adults) or £9 (Children). A guided tour is an extra £3 for adults and £2 for children. You can visit 7 days a week, all year, except from 25-26 December and the 1st of January. The castle is open from 9am (first tour 10am) to 6pm (Mar-Oct) or 5pm (Nov-Feb).
Website: For more information, please visit www.cardiffcastle.com
Brochure Cardiff Castle in Cardiff, Wales
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Disclaimer: We were kindly invited by Visit Wales to explore the grounds of Cardiff Castle. All opinions are 100% our own.